“The Handbook of Intercultural Training, Third Edition provides a thorough grounding in the history, concepts and methods underlying intercultural training. The many analyses of tools, methods and approaches for specific contexts offer guidance in designing and conducting effective training interventions. The collected theoretical and practical information presented in this book is critical for professional interculturalists.” —Lee Gardenswartz, Ph.D. and Anita Rowe, Ph.D., Partners, Gardenswartz & Rowe “This book is just in time and just for me. It's as if someone assembled all the interculturalists I admire and respect and bribed them to share their latest and best thoughts in a well-crafted chapter. You'll probably feel the same way.” —Sivasailam "Thiagi" Thiagarajan, Ph. D., Workshops by Thiagi, Inc. Completely revised with all new chapters, the Third Edition of the Handbook of Intercultural Training provides a state-of-the-art review of the field of intercultural training. Written by the leading authorities in intercultural studies, this definitively updated volume offers not only a convenient summary of research but also information on specific training techniques. It analyzes with depth and clarity regions of the world where intercultural issues have heightened--including Central and South America, Europe, and China, as well as Eastern Europe, Russia, and Israel. Other parts of the book examine theoretical and methodological issues inherent in understanding intercultural interactions and training and the contexts in which training takes place. An essential reference of intercultural interactions across disciplines, the Handbook of Intercultural Training synthesizes information of special note for professionals, researchers, and students in management, educational psychology, ethnic studies, sociology, and gender studies, as well as a broad array of human services such as counseling and nursing. Contributors: Aysen Bakir, Illinois State University Janet M. Bennett, Intercultural Communication Institute Milton J. Bennett, Intercultural Communication Institute Laurette Bennhold-Samaan, The World Bank John W. Berry, Queen's University Judith Blohm Ida Castiglioni, University of Milano Bicocca Carlos E. Cortes, University of California, Riverside Kenneth Cushner, Kent State University Ina Ehnert, University of Bremen Teresa Harrell, University of Minnesota Stefan Kammhuber, University of Regensburg Ata Karim, Kansas State University Young Yun Kim, University of Oklahoma Torsten Kuhlmann, University of Bayreuth Daniel Landis, University of Hawaii, Hilo Judith N. Martin, Arizona State University Mark Mendenhall, University of Tennessee, Chattanooga Sandra Mumford-Fowler Kenji Noguchi Gary Oddou, California State University, San Marcos Joyce S. Osland, San Jose State University R. Michael Paige, University of Minnesota Margaret Pusch, Intercultural Communication Institute George Renwick, Renwick and Associates Joseph L. Soeters, Royal Netherlands' Military Academy Gunter K. Stahl, Asian Business Area INSEAD Stella Ting-Toomey, California State University, Fullerton Harry C. Triandis, Emeritus, University of Illinois-Urbana/Champaign Colleen Ward, University of Wellington Donna Winslow, Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam
Chapter 2: Intercultural Training in Historical Perspective
Human interaction among culturally different peoples has a long and frequently acrimonious history. Recognition of how those relationships are affected by culture was not considered in any significant way until after World War ii. This consideration occurred chiefly in the United States because its economy was left largely intact at the close of the war and because U.S. involvement in the international arena was no longer a matter of choice. in the beginning, the Marshall Plan was developed to help rebuild areas of the world devastated by the war. The success of the Marshall Plan led leaders in the United States to create other international development activities and exchange efforts that offered economic and scientific ...