The Handbook of Gender and Work provides a comprehensive overview and synthesis of the literature and knowledge about gender and work. It equips the reader with a solid understanding of where we stand on gender and work issues and what the next directions for research and assessment will be. Under the skilled leadership of editor Gary N. Powell, an outstanding group of multidisciplinary and international researchers and scholars deliver their summary and analysis of current research and their views on how gender and work intersect along a variety of societal, economic, interpersonal, and organizational paradigms.

Gender Influences on Performance Evaluations

Gender Influences on Performance Evaluations

Gender influences on performance evaluations
Kathryn M.Bartol

The past three decades have witnessed a major increase in the number of women holding managerial positions. For example, in the United States, the proportion of women managers increased from 16% in 1970 to 44% in 1998 (see Chapter 17 by Powell in this book). Despite these changes, gender structuring of organizations persists (Bartol, 1978; Bartol & Martin, 1986; Jacobs, 1992; Perry, Davis-Blake, & Kulik, 1994; Stroh, Brett, & Reilly, 1992). Women are still greatly underrepresented in the higher levels of management (Powell, Chapter 17, this volume; Ragins & Sundstrom, 1989). Heilman (1995) argues that one cannot point to the pipeline as the problem, because research indicates that women who moved into management in the ...

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