The Handbook of Gender and Work provides a comprehensive overview and synthesis of the literature and knowledge about gender and work. It equips the reader with a solid understanding of where we stand on gender and work issues and what the next directions for research and assessment will be. Under the skilled leadership of editor Gary N. Powell, an outstanding group of multidisciplinary and international researchers and scholars deliver their summary and analysis of current research and their views on how gender and work intersect along a variety of societal, economic, interpersonal, and organizational paradigms.

Gender Effects on Social Influence and Emergent Leadership

Gender Effects on Social Influence and Emergent Leadership

Gender effects on social influence and emergent leadership
Linda L.Carli and Alice H.Eagly

Research on women's status in organizations reveals that even though women possess 50% of bachelor's degrees and 42% of advanced degrees (U.S. Bureau of the Census, 1997) and constitute 46% of all workers (U.S. Department of Labor, 1998c), women continue to experience workplace discrimination. Compared with men, women are concentrated in a relatively small number of occupations (Dunn, 1996), are underrepresented in the most powerful positions in business (holding less than 5% of upper-management and executive positions), and earn lower salaries than men (Federal Glass Ceiling Commission, 1995). Even when women attain executive positions, they still experience lower levels of compensation, mobility, and authority (Lyness & ...

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