This comprehensive, practical resource provides specific strategies for counsellors working with boys and male adolescents from different cultural backgrounds. The first part examines how psychological, career and athletic development of boys is shaped by a complex interaction of biological, social, cultural and economic forces. TheSecond Part covers cultural considerations when counselling particular North American client groups, such as Hispanic-Americans. The final part focuses on special populations such as gay, sexually abused and developmentally disabled boys.
Chapter 17: Counseling Boys with Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder
Counseling Boys with Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder
Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) (see American Psychiatric Association [APA], 1994a) is one of the most common, and arguably most debilitating, disorders of childhood. The disorder is characterized by developmentally inappropriate levels of inattention, impulsivity, and overactivity that interfere with the child's behavioral, academic, and social functioning. Although it once was assumed that ADHD was a disorder of childhood only, there is now compelling evidence that children do not outgrow ADHD. As many as 80% of children with this disorder continue to experience symptoms in adolescence (Faigel, Sznajdeerman, Tishby, Turel, & Pinus, 1995; Hechtman, 1991), and for many, their adult life will be affected in some way by the disorder (Barkley, 1995).
Prevalence rates for ADHD vary as ...