This comprehensive, practical resource provides specific strategies for counsellors working with boys and male adolescents from different cultural backgrounds. The first part examines how psychological, career and athletic development of boys is shaped by a complex interaction of biological, social, cultural and economic forces. TheSecond Part covers cultural considerations when counselling particular North American client groups, such as Hispanic-Americans. The final part focuses on special populations such as gay, sexually abused and developmentally disabled boys.

Counseling Depressed Boys

Counseling depressed boys
ChrisCaldwell

Nature and Scope of the Problem

Adolescent depression predicts future adjustment problems such as dropping out of school, becoming unemployed, abusing alcohol and drugs, and engaging in illegal activities (Kandel & Davies, 1986). Moreover, having an episode of depression during adolescence greatly increases the risk for future episodes in adulthood (Harrington, Fudge, Rutter, Pickles, & Hill, 1990). The lifetime prevalence of adolescent depression is estimated to be between 20% and 25%, with close to 3% of teenagers reporting symptoms justifying a diagnosis of a depressive episode at a given time (Lewinsohn, Hops, Roberts, Seeley, & Andrews, 1993). Although adolescent males, like their adult counterparts, report fewer incidents of depression than females (Weissman, Bruce, Leaf, Florio, & Holzer, 1991; Lewinsohn et al., ...

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