This ambitious and long-awaited volume brings together foremost nursing scholars and educators to review and critique the state of nursing research across topics most relevant to current practice. Comprehensive in scope, cogent and truly thought provoking, a book such as the Handbook for Clinical Nursing Research is a must-have shelf reference for every nurse carrying out research or aspiring to conduct research and for those who teach them.
Chapter 23: Managing Nausea and Vomiting
Managing Nausea and Vomiting
Nausea, vomiting, and loss of appetite (anorexia) are among the most prevalent symptoms experienced by patients across all age groups. In addition, they are frequently rated as the most distressing and feared side effects of treatment such as chemotherapy (Rhodes, Watson, McDaniel, Hanson, & Johnson, 1995; Griffin et al., 1996). Decreased caloric and fluid intake can be related to a number of pathophysiological processes and symptoms, including lack of appetite (anorexia), nausea, and vomiting. There are situations in which decreased oral intake may be advantageous to the individual, such as during times of gastrointestinal tract inflammation, but prolonged decreases in oral nutrient intake will have adverse consequences. Nursing practice involves the assessment of ...