The Handbook for Child Protection Protection Practice presents a comprehensive and critical portrait of the phenomenon of neglect. Drawing on theory, research and clinical practice experience, the contributors cover issues facing social workers. They provide a view of child neglect which moves beyond the current child welfare focus on parental omissions in care. Organized in question and answer format, topics covered include: engaging with the client; initial assessments for factors such as neglect and physical and sexual abuse; how to assess the family; interventions with various different emphases; and safeguarding the social workers well-being: legally, physically and mentally.
Chapter 4: What is Physical Abuse?
What is Physical Abuse?
Physical abuse is usually defined as an inflicted act that results in a significant physical injury or the risk of such injury. In most states, the child welfare system is concerned with acts by parents or caregivers; physical assault by others is typically addressed by law enforcement or informally (e.g., fights among siblings).
At What Point is Hitting Children in the Course of “Discipline” Abuse?
This is a crucial question because corporal punishment, including hitting children with various objects, is still widely accepted and used in the United States. Although many child advocates oppose all hitting of children and several researchers have found a harmful psychological effect of corporal punishment, most hitting does not meet the threshold for defining abuse ...