The end of World War II marked a major global political change. Many of the former colonial nations became free, and the world was divided into capitalism and communism. Another significant development during the same period was the increase in the number of nongovernment organizations (NGOs). NGOs are defined as “self-governing, private, not-for-profit organizations that are geared toward improving the quality of life of disadvantaged people.” These NGOs were formed to work in communities neglected by the government because of their deep connection to traditional lifestyle.

As a result, many organizations targeted communities in developing nations, where the government failed to meet the expectations of the people and practiced favored politics. Advocacy organizations were primarily involved in advocating for policy changes at the national level. ...

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