The U.S. Census Bureau estimates that approximately 80 percent of the country's population reside in urban and suburban settings. As the largest consumer of energy, American cities are responsible for a great portion of greenhouse gases and pollution through energy consumption to support industrial, commercial, residential, and transportation needs. On a human scale, they are places of social, environmental, and physical patterns and behaviors affecting population health.

As cities grow in size and population, more attention is being paid to infrastructure needs as well as to the environmental impacts of urbanization. Within cities, much of the conversation and action centers on the concept of sustainability. Urban planners are increasingly engaged in the conversation about population health. They are working with organizations and industry to create programs ...

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