A suburb is a community in an outlying section of a city or, more commonly, a nearby, politically separate municipality with social and economic ties to the central city. In the 20th century, particularly in western Europe, Australia, Japan, China, and the United States, population growth in urban areas has spilled increasingly outside the city limits and concentrated there, resulting in large metropolitan areas where the populations of the suburbs taken together exceed that of the central city. The term suburb usually refers to a residential area adjacent to an urban center such as a large city, or separate residential communities within commuting distance of a city. In Western countries, suburbs grew as a result of improved road and rail transport that enabled residents to ...

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