Obesity is a complex disease with multiple interacting and causal factors in which an imbalance between caloric intake and caloric requirement leads to excess body fat and adverse impacts on health. The condition leads to physical disability; cardiovascular disorders such as increased risk for coronary artery disease, high blood pressure, myocardial infarction, and stroke; and metabolic diseases such as type 2 diabetes. Even certain forms of cancer are associated with obesity. Depending on the severity of obesity, different bone and joint disorders, with mechanical-and inflammatory-based origin may manifest. Last but not least, multiple psychological consequences may result from obesity.

Obesity is a complex disease in which excess body fat has accumulated to the point where it may have adverse effects on health. The origin of such ...

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