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To understand ecofascism, it is important to know what is meant by “fascism” and “eco-,” and to gain a cursory understanding of ecophilosophical debates that lead to the development and continued use of the term.

Fascism is a political philosophy/political studies term that defines an ideological form of governance. It was first used to describe Mussolini's Italian government in the 1930s and 1940s; Hitler's government in Germany and Franco's in Spain are also early exemplars of fascist forms of governance. In general, fascism is associated with extreme right-wing single-party rule based on a violent and totalitarian police state, where all government policies and actions are geared toward upholding hegemonic party power. Fascism is intolerant of competing points of view, whether political, social, or economic, and tends ...

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