Jung, Carl Gustav (1875–1961)

Carl Gustav Jung, a Swiss psychiatrist and psychologist, founded his own school of analytical psychology. Unlike many of his contemporaries, most famously Sigmund Freud, Jung was sympathetic to the healing, integrative power of religion. Born in Kesswil, Switzerland, in 1875, Carl Gustav Jung was the son of a disenchanted pastor in the Swiss Reformed tradition. His mother struggled with depression and what she described as visitations from spirits. Rather than follow his father into a life of ministry, Jung earned a medical degree from the University of Basel in 1902. After graduation, he worked under Eugen Bleuler at the Burgholzi psychiatric clinic of the University of Zurich. There, through his successful application of association tests, Jung began to formulate his earliest insights into what would ...

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