Islamic Modernism

Islamic modernism is a term used to describe a major social, intellectual, and political movement arising in the 19th and 20th centuries, formulated in response to Western colonial projects and hegemonies throughout the globe and reflective of attempts to address modern questions of democracy, liberal human rights, and nationalism through a reformation of Islamic ideas and concepts. The Islamic modernist movement was unlike the Islamic revivalist movements—which called for a return to an authentic divine mandate and a society based on the examples of Muhammad, his companions, and followers—and also the movement of the nationalistic secularists—many of whom felt that the historical moment had arrived for minimizing the role of Islam in the construction of society. This entry discusses the origins of Islamic modernism and ...

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