Action research is one among four varieties of educational research—quantitative research, qualitative research, evaluation research, and action research. Action research stands alone as a research approach because it is directly importable into the classroom. Action research fits well in the lives of professionals, parents, and children and is a useful tool for improving the practice of teaching gifted and talented children.

Action research originated with Kurt Lewin in the 1940s as a means for studying social action. Since that time it has been relatively invisible in the United States. Action research has a greater following in the United Kingdom and Australia. The Holmes group, which advocated for teacher education reform in the 1990s, campaigned for it to become part of teacher educational programs and propelled ...

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