Although the field of mathematics, a traditionally men-dominated field, has seen an increase in participation by women, research continues to document differences in performance and participation for mathematically talented women. As minorities in the field, mathematically talented women are confronted with issues that relate to their domain-specific talent, to gender issues, and to the interactions of their mathematical talent with biological, physiological, and societal aspects of being women. This entry describes some of these issues.

Discrepancies for Men and Women

Although mathematics performance before high school is comparable for boys and girls in the general population, this is not the case for mathematically talented boys and girls. Even in elementary schools, more boys than girls earn top scores on standardized mathematics assessments, particularly on above-level assessments that ...

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