Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is the most common childhood behavioral disorder, occurring in 3 to 7 percent of school-aged children. ADHD is diagnosed more often in boys than in girls and is characterized by behaviors related to inattention, hyperactivity, and/or impulsivity. Children with ADHD are typically at risk for problematic educational and social outcomes, such as low achievement in school or difficulty with peer relationships. The etiology of ADHD varies between children and includes such contributors as heredity, biological or neurodevelopmental factors, and factors related to parenting and families. The American Psychiatric Association outlines symptoms and other information related to ADHD in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (fourth edition text revision; DSM-IV-TR). Gifted and/or creative children can be diagnosed with ADHD, ...

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