Definitions of giftedness offered in the literature are highly varied. Variability stems from differences in conceptions of intelligence and differences in values. The various definitions of giftedness range from the general (e.g., extraordinary intellectual ability or high IQ score) to the specific (e.g., precocity in specific disciplines such as mathematics), but nearly all definitions include reference to distinction or extraordinary accomplishment in the field. Although many definitions of giftedness have been put forth and there is no consensus in the field on definition, most states and school districts use the following definition, or a variation thereof, from the Javits Gifted and Talented Education Act of 1993. This definition has evolved from a similar definition originally offered as part of a report to Congress in ...

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