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Medical Geography

  • By: Lisa Jordan
  • In: Encyclopedia of Geography
  • Edited by: Barney Warf
  • Subject:General Geography, Earth & Environmental Science

Medical geography, also known as health geography, is the application of geographical methods and techniques to the study of health. Research in medical geography has as wide a reach as research in the health sciences to address issues of disability, access to health care, parasitology, the spatial distribution of cancer cases, and the diffusion of diseases.

Although studies of human-environment interactions in relation to health are among the oldest recorded in medical research (e.g., Hippocrates), medical geography has gained particular prominence today as a way to better understand health beyond the confines of the human body, by examining health in local, regional, and global contexts. The way in which this is done ranges from postmodern Foucauldian critiques of the construction of mental health and the physical ...

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