• Entry
  • Reader's guide
  • Entries A-Z
  • Subject index

Agricultural Biotechnology

  • By: Dustin R. Mulvaney
  • In: Encyclopedia of Geography
  • Edited by: Barney Warf
  • Subject:General Geography, Earth & Environmental Science

Agricultural biotechnology has been a topic of considerable social and environmental controversy since it was first pursued by researchers and later adopted by industrial agriculture. The term usually refers to living agricultural inputs, such as seeds that use genetic engineering, though some institutions define it much more broadly. According to the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development, biotechnology means the application of science and technology to living organisms and their parts, products, and models thereof and to alter materials for the production of knowledge, goods, and services. Such a broad definition applied to food and agriculture can describe everything from beer brewing and bread baking to all of plant breeding since the start of sedentary civilization. The international Convention on Biological Diversity defines biotechnology in ...

    • Loading...
    locked icon

    Sign in to access this content

    Get a 30 day FREE TRIAL

    • Watch videos from a variety of sources bringing classroom topics to life
    • Read modern, diverse business cases
    • Explore hundreds of books and reference titles