During the 1960s, a new approach called compensatory education was created to support access for academically underprepared and economically dis-advantaged students. Compensatory education focuses on the individual student and the living and learning environment in which the student interacts. Proponents of this approach charge that environmental conditions, often induced by poverty, are responsible for the poor academic achievement of students. Common activities of this approach include: academic preparatory work, supplemental learning enrichment activities, higher parental involvement in school, and systemic changes in the school learning environment. During the early 1960s, national civil rights legislation established the Office of Compensatory Education within the U.S. Office of Education.

Elementary and Secondary Education

Federal legislation through the Elementary and Secondary Education Act and amended by the No Child Left ...

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