The Anna T. Jeanes Foundation, also known as the Negro Rural School Fund, was established by Quaker heiress Anna T. Jeanes in 1907. She directed that her estate of $1 million was to support the “rudimentary education” of African Americans in the rural South. The foundation or fund, administered by the Rockefeller Foundation's General Education Board, supported special supervisory teachers who offered guidance to Black rural school teachers, who might be poorly trained and lacking other support. More than one half of the salary was paid by the fund, and the remainder was paid by the county board of education. The initial plan was to employ a Jeanes teacher at a demonstration center in the county, one who would also serve as a supervisor ...

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