The General Education Board (GEB) was a philanthropy started by John D. Rockefeller and a small cadre of friends, in large part to remedy thec deplorable state of education for southern rural African Americans. The GEB, over its more than six decades of life, supported a wide variety of educational programs and research, both in the United States and abroad. Abraham Flexnor's many educational surveys represent the most famous of these efforts. However, the board's support of African American education, despite representing a small percentage of its overall allocations throughout its history, remains remarkable. Arguably, despite its support of segregation, no other organization, save the NAACP and its success with Brown v. Board of Education, has done more to improve African American schooling.

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