Reproductive epidemiology is the study of reproduction-related morbidity, mortality, and other health issues in males and females. The topics covered in reproductive epidemiology include development and physiology of reproductive systems and functions, conception, pregnancy, birth outcomes, and maternal morbidity and mortality.

Measures of Reproductive Health

Thenumberofmeasuresofreproductivehealthis substantial. Several select indicators commonly used in reproductive epidemiologic studies are described below.

Maternal Mortality

Maternal mortality is defined by the World Health Organization (WHO) as the death of a woman during pregnancy or within 6 weeks of termination of pregnancy from any cause related to or aggravated by the pregnancy or its management. The causes of the death can be categorized into direct and indirect obstetric deaths. Direct obstetric death is caused by complications of pregnancy, delivery, or the puerperium (the period ...

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