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Network Analysis

Over the past two decades, the epidemic of HIV has challenged the epidemiological community to rethink the framework for understanding the risk of infectious disease transmission, both at the individual level and at the level of population transmission dynamics. Research has rapidly converged on the central importance of partnership networks. Systematic patterns in social networks have always served to channel infectious diseases—from the sequence of plagues in Europe and the introduction of European childhood infections into the Native American populations to the polio epidemics of the early 20th century and the contemporary outbreaks of cholera and typhoid that attend mass movements of refugees. The methodology for network data collection and analysis in epidemiology, however, is only now being developed. This entry examines the role ...

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