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Though the concept has myriad slightly divergent definitions, social capital generally refers to the various investments and advantages obtained for individuals and groups through collective organization, action, and networking. Social capital is produced by collective community interactions. These networks are created at different scales from community and civic activity to the interaction at the family and friends. Like other forms of capital, social capital also has value. When people act together with shared objectives for their common good, both individual and collective benefits are achieved.

As a concept, social capital draws attention to the significance of social and symbolic resources in the maintenance and prosperity of communities and organizations. Though the processes involved are often disputed among social scientists, the concept has been widely adopted by ...

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