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Biogeochemical sinks are geographical locations that hold in position certain chemicals, specifically gases, for extended periods of time. Sinks are particularly important in capturing greenhouses gases such as carbon dioxide and methane, and removing them from the atmosphere. Research is conducted to determine a sink's method of operation and, ultimately, how sinks may be manipulated or even created.

Gases within the earth's atmosphere are constantly in motion. The global atmosphere is in a state of dynamic equilibrium, in which constant change within the system is balanced by overall stability of the component parts. The sources and sinks of greenhouse gases remain in equilibrium in the atmosphere. Should one increase or decease, then the equilibrium changes until a new balance can be restored. The burning of fossil ...

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