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SEA LEVEL RISE refers to the increased volume of water in the seas and oceans of the world and to the relative increase in height, therefore, compared to the land level. As the sea level rises, seawater covers increasing tracts of land with mostly negative impacts. First, the amount of habitable land decreases for mankind and for animal and plant species. Second, seawater may infiltrate existing fresh water sources and render them less useful or unusable for normal consumption. Third, and often most dramatically, sea level rise of one to three millimeters per year increases the threat from flooding in many coastal areas. Countries such as Bangladesh demonstrate the vulnerability of millions to flooding, with the threats of waterborne disease, malnutrition, and endemic poverty. ...

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