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The term nature conservancy reveals the particular way that society relates to “nature,” or what is thought of as the physical and natural environment that surrounds and hosts human activities and life on earth. The relationship between early societies and the natural environment was good, as societies made use of natural resources without causing large-scale depletion. As a whole, indigenous societies such as the Mayas in Peru didn't provoke great environmental conflicts; instead, many ancient societies developed sustainable ways of living.

However, during the early 18th and 19th centuries the relationship between humanity and nature became strained with the beginning of the Industrial Revolution. Nature was often seen as an endless source of raw materials to feed the increasing needs of industrial countries. At the same ...

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