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Natural capital is a term that has emerged to describe the relationship between human means of production and the earth's ecosystem. More specifically, numerous academics and scholars have sought to consider environmental and natural resource features within a Marxist theoretical framework. For Marx, capital represented not simply material wealth, but control over the means of production in society. This rather abstract way of thinking came from Marx's own work with dialectical materialism, an analytic approach that involves seeing the world in a constant state of emergence from different antithetical processes. As such, for Marx, capital is not a thing, but rather a process or set of force relations. Reiterated more precisely, capital is not simply a thing that one possesses; it is a process of ...

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