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National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA)

The national environmental policy act (nepa) of 1969 is an important procedural land use planning statute followed by all federal agencies as well as local (state, county, city, or industrial) projects that require a federal permit or receive funding from federal agencies. Often referred to as the “Magna Carta” of U.S. environmental policy, the statute also empowers any member of the public to take part in many decisions that affect federal public lands through information gathering, commenting, and even agency appeals. When President Richard Nixon signed NEPA into law on New Year's Day, 1970, he hailed the Act as providing the “direction” for the country to “regain a productive harmony between man and nature.”

Purpose and Provisions

Agencies such as the Bureau of Land Management, U.S. Forest ...

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