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Namibia is a relatively small southern African country of two million inhabitants, but has a rich and diverse cultural and environmental landscape. Formerly known as South West Africa, present day Namibia has four major population groups: the Khoisan (including Bushmen), who are the original inhabitants of southern Africa; the Ovambo, Bantuspeakers largely concentrated in the northern part; the white settlers, mostly of Dutch and German origins; and the Coloreds or Basters, the people of mixed race. These diverse groups were brought together under a single nation state by the colonial boundary-drawing exercise known as the “scramble for Africa” and South West Africa came under German control.

After the end of World War I, the defeated Germans had to cede their colonies to the League of Nations, ...

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