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The word monsoon originates in the Arabic term mausem, which means season. Monsoon is generally used to refer to the seasonal change in wind patterns between land and ocean, usually associated with well-defined periods of heavy rainfall. While monsoons can occur in North America and Asia, the dramatic weather pattern in the Indian subcontinent (South Asia) is the more well-known monsoon; it largely affects India, Bangladesh, Pakistan, and Sri Lanka. These seasonal changes in wind and rain patterns are very distinct and the South Asian monsoon is generally associated with heavy rainfall in the summer (often accompanied by floods) and dry spells in the winter months. The spatial coverage and intensity of the South Asian monsoon is not seen in the other monsoons. Rainfall of ...

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