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Bangladesh is formally called the People's Republic of Bangladesh. It is a small, deltaic country located in South Asia, with India to the north, west, and east, Myanmar to the southeast, and the Bay of Bengal (Indian Ocean) to the south. Bangladesh's land area of about 144,000 square kilometers with 147 million people (2006 estimate) makes it one of the most densely populated countries in the world. Agriculture forms the mainstay of the economy, and the majority of the population lives in rural areas, with increasing urban growth. The capital, Dhaka, is one of the fastest urbanizing cities in the world.

Bangladesh was a part of Pakistan after the Partition by British colonial rule in 1947. In 1971 it won its independence from Pakistan. Bangladesh ...

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