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Internal Combustion Engine

Internal combustion engines are the family of engines that confine fuel in a chamber, then burn it to convert the expansion of the resulting high temperature gases into work energy through pistons, rotors, turbines or other means. Although the range of fuels for an internal combustion engine (or ICE) is limited only by the need to produce combustion gases, petroleum derivatives are the preferred energy source due to their availability, high energy return, and portability.

Although there are many varieties of ICE, the most common is the Otto Cycle, or four-stroke, engine used in nearly all automobiles and trucks produced today. It is a reciprocating design where one piston drives others through a cam shaft, and the function is as follows: the first stroke of the ...

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