According to the united nations development program (undp) human development reports, the Republic of Iceland has the second-highest standard of living in the world. The country is greatly admired for its high income and literacy rates, long life spans, strong social cohesion, and extensive social welfare programs. One hundred percent of the population has access to safe drinking water and improved sanitation. Iceland is one of the few European countries that have elected not to join the European Union (EU). Surrounded by the Greenland Sea, the North Atlantic Ocean, and the Denmark Strait, Iceland has 3,081 miles (4,970 kilometers) of coastline. Because of the North Atlantic, Iceland's climate is temperate with mild, windy winters and damp, cool summers. The capital city of Reykjavik is the ...

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