• Entry
  • Reader's guide
  • Entries A-Z
  • Subject index

Hunting and gathering can be defined as a method of procuring food from the environment through the gathering of edible plants and hunting wild game, including fish. For most of human history, human beings survived by foraging and hunting. It was only about 8,000–10,000 years ago when the domestication of animals and agriculture became a major source of food that people began to abandon a hunter-gatherer style of life. Archaeological evidence has greatly advanced our knowledge of hunter-gatherer communities in antiquity. Ethnographic and historical studies provide information about the way of life of both historic and contemporary hunter-gatherers. Hunting and gathering was the only way humans survived for more than a million years until the end of the Paleolithic period (Old Stone Age). During the ...

    • Loading...
    locked icon

    Sign in to access this content

    Get a 30 day FREE TRIAL

    • Watch videos from a variety of sources bringing classroom topics to life
    • Read modern, diverse business cases
    • Explore hundreds of books and reference titles