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The republic of guinea–bissau has experienced several decades of political unrest since obtaining independence from Portugal in 1974. From 1980–99, the brutal regime of Joao Bernardo “Nino” Vieira was marked by repeated attempted coups and massive political unrest. Removed from office in 1999, Vieira returned to power in 2005 through the electoral process. With a per capita income of only $800 and hampered by a devastated infrastructure, Guinea–Bissau is the 13th poorest country in the world. Over half the population lives in abject poverty. There is massive income disparity, with the poorest 10 percent of the population sharing only 0.5 percent of the wealth. At the other end of the spectrum, 42.4 percent of resources are held by the richest 10 percent. The United Nations ...

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