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Ghana's absolute location (latitudes 4 degrees 44.2 N to 11 degrees 10.5 N and Longitudes 1 degree 12 E to 3 degrees 15.3 W) places the country—with a total area of 92,000 square miles (238,533 square kilometers)—within the tropical rain forest and tropical savanna biomes. This location provides Ghana with a specific combination of geology, climate, biota, soils, water resources, and ocean accessibility whose exploitation are critical to the economy. Export of gold earned over $600 million in 2002. Agriculture and fisheries activities currently constitute about a third of Ghana's economy and provide employment for over 50 percent of the economically active population in a population of 21.4 million people. Exports of cocoa products brought in an income of over $400 million in 2002. And ...

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