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Fate and Transport of Contaminants

Contaminants are substances that carry the threat of contaminating the environment, and include nuclear waste, industrial by-products, and organic manure. The contamination threat may be short-term or long-term, and dangerous or nondangerous, depending on the nature of the substance and how it interacts with its surroundings. Nuclear waste, for example, is toxic to humans, remains dangerous for up to thousands of years, and its irradiated particles can pass through nearly all other substances. Organic remains, on the other hand, may be of only passing danger, and quickly degrade into inert products. The ways in which contaminants need to be transported from creation to dafe storage also vary considerably, with the resulting costs representing a disincentive for organizations to ensure safe transportation and storage. Governments often ...

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