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Extractive reserves are a form of conservation that originated in the Brazilian Amazon in the 1980s. Unlike national parks or other protected areas that often result in the exclusion of local populations for the benefit of national and international conservation goals, extractive reserves are attractive because they include concerns for locals that are directly impacted by natural resource management. Extractive reserves are one example of a larger shift toward community conservation that considers the needs and input of local residents about natural resources. Community conservation involves a number of initiatives, including community-based conservation, community wildlife management, collaborative management, communitybased natural resource management, and integrated conservation and development programs (ICDPs).

Brazilian Amazon

The Brazilian Amazon has been a hotly contested region for centuries, with multiple actors competing to ...

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