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End-of-Pipe Regulatory Approach

The end-of-pipe regulatory approach focuses primarily on the costs and issues relating to the point of origin of substances that cause environmental problems. The substances emerge from the end of a pipe, linking an industrial process with the external environment. Consequently, the burden of responsibility for any costs arising from this interaction is to be borne by the individual or organization that owns the pipe. Regulations have been created to try to ensure that pipe owners, therefore, meet any costs that accrue. This approach has been effective in minimizing environmental problems, since it has been clear whose responsibility any emission would be, and what penalties would apply in the event of noncompliance with regulations. Nevertheless, a number of dissenting voices have been raised against the ...

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