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Education is valued around the world as a means of promoting individual advancement and well-being, and for its potential to encourage economic growth and employment, empower women and minority groups, and reduce infant and child mortality rates. Universal access to education has been an international policy goal since the creation of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights in 1948, and since the 1960s it has also been increasingly linked to environmental management and international development efforts. This has been especially true since the United Nations Conference on Environment and Development (also known as the Earth Summit) was held in Rio de Janeiro in June 1992. One of the important documents to come out of the conference was Agenda 21, a key set of plans and ...

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