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Ecotage involves ecologically motivated acts of sabotage, such as tree spiking, uprooting genetically modified crops, disrupting power lines, liberation of caged animals, and destruction of equipment or data from controversial research. These illegal acts are also known as ecodefense or monkeywrenching. Two of the main goals of ecoteurs are to cause economic harm to corporations and to dissuade the public from wasteful or ecologically disruptive practices, like driving sport utility vehicles (SUVs) or permitting suburban sprawl in wetlands.

While ecoteurs have a range of different moral philosophies, they most often do not support causing death or injury to humans from their actions. Spiking trees with metal or ceramic nails can harm loggers, but the likelihood is small given that trees should be cut within twelve inches ...

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