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A CLIMAX COMMUNITY is an idealized assemblage of plant species that represents the most advanced stage of development that can be reached for a given climate and given enough time free from disturbance. The idea was originally formalized by Frederic Clements in 1916, and went on to form the basis of the superorganic worldview of nature, community ecology, synecology, and homeostatic equilibrium models of ecosystems.

The basic premise behind the climax community is that climate is the primary determinant of vegetation communities. The community forms over long time periods, with the member species evolving in competition, and in the final climax stage, having coevolved to the point of being mutualistic. In this sense, every species in the community plays a vital role in the whole community, ...

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