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Circuses are companies of entertainers who perform as acrobats, clowns, and animal tamers in a circular arena. Circuses may travel or be based in permanent facilities of entertainment. Some of the early modern circuses in London and other European cities were built for this purpose. Circus Circus, a gambling casino in Las Vegas, Nevada, also exhibits the world's largest permanently housed circus; performances are given free of charge daily. Often, traveling circuses perform in a large tent designed to accommodate the circus performers and the audience.

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In the late 19th century and in much of the 20th century, the arrival of the circus was a great event. In many small towns and cities, the “advance men” would arrive days before the circus and ...

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