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World Systems Theory (WST)

World systems theory (wst) provides a holistic perspective to understand human interaction within a global political economic framework. Though largely heralded by academics in the global South, over the years WST has come under scathing critique by Western social scientists declaring that it is inherently deterministic and overly simplifies human interactions. The theory argues that since the early 19th century, all of humankind has been encompassed within one world system—the capitalist world-economy.

WST espouses that human activities can only be examined within this global system, and that parceled examinations of human political economic and social activity at more focused scales are inherently flawed, because they fail to recognize human processes within their broader context. Thus, WST completely dispels the central role that states, nations, and territorially ...

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