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Water Harvesting

Water is essential to life, therefore, it is important that adequate supplies of water are available. However, water supplies should be developed in such a way that ecosystem functioning and the hydrological cycle are not negatively affected. Within this context, water harvesting has received increasing attention worldwide. The harvesting of rainwater refers to the collection of water from surfaces on which rain falls, and subsequently storing this water for later use. For as long as humans have occupied and cultivated dry lands, water harvesting has been practiced. It has been the basis of living and has allowed the establishment of civilizations in dry lands. Water harvesting has provided for drinking, domestic needs, livestock, crops, pastures, and trees, and a way to replenish groundwater levels. There ...

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