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Historically, and even today in some developing countries, the easiest way of disposing of waste has been to burn it in open air. Incineration of raw waste has been practiced throughout the history of humanity in the most crude form of incineration: Indiscriminate burning. The indiscriminate open burning of waste on a large scale, however, causes air, water, and soil pollution. Current incineration technology has come a long way from open burning to sophisticated incinerators. The purpose of burning has also changed from simply getting rid of waste to reducing waste volume and recovering energy. Nevertheless, adverse environmental impacts like air pollution and water pollution have made this process unpopular.

As solid waste constitutes a low-grade fuel, it has become a tradition in recent years, wherever ...

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