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Tropical medicine is the branch of medical science that aims to combat health issues primarily related to diseases prevalent in tropical areas. Tropical medicine was developed during the age of European colonialism, especially during the 19th century when large-scale colonization of tropical areas occurred. European scientific methods were superior to those available to inhabitants of most tropical areas and so expertise to deal with health issues developed outside these regions. Local people wishing to contribute to this science found it necessary to travel to the colonizing power's home territory, since this is where scientific establishments were customarily established.

Toward the end of the 19th century, a number of important discoveries were made which greatly improved the health of people in tropical regions. This included the identification ...

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